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Project Publications: University of Washington: Phytoremediation of Toxic Wastes

Superfund Research Program

Phytoremediation of Toxic Wastes

Project Leader: Lee A. Newman (University of South Carolina)
Grant Number: P42ES004696
Funding Period: 1995 - 2006

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  • Newman LA, Reynolds CM. 2005. Bacteria and phytoremediation: new uses for endophytic bacteria in plants. Trends Biotechnol 23(1):6-8. PMID:15629849


  • Barton C, Marx D, Adriano D, Koo BJ, Newman LA, Czapka S, Blake J. 2004. Pytostabilization of a landfill containing coal combustion waste. Environmental Geosciences 12(4):251-265.
  • Harmon SM, King JK, Gladden JB, Chandler GT, Newman LA. 2004. Mercury body burdens in Gambusia holbrooki and Erimyzon sucetta in a wetland mesocosm amended with sulfate. Chemosphere 59(2):227-233. PMID:15722094
  • Harmon SM, King JK, Gladden JB, Chandler GT, Newman LA. 2004. Methylmercury formation in a wetland mesocosm amended with sulfate. Environ Sci Technol 38(2):650-656. PMID:14750744
  • Newman LA, Reynolds CM. 2004. Phytodegradation of organic compounds. Curr Opin Biotechnol 15(3):225-230. PMID:15193330
  • Wang X, Dossett MP, Gordon MP, Strand SE. 2004. Fate of carbon tetrachloride during phytoremediation with poplar under controlled field conditions. Environ Sci Technol 38(21):5744-5749. PMID:15575295


  • Bayer C. 2003. Use of Phyto-Irrigation to Remediate VOC-Contaminated Groundwaters at SRS. In: Proceedings of the Seventh In Situ and On-Site Bioremediation Symposium, June 2-5.
  • Doty SL, Shang TQ, Wilson AM, Moore AL, Newman LA, Strand SE, Gordon MP. 2003. Metabolism of the soil and groundwater contaminants, ethylene dibromide and trichloroethylene, by the tropical leguminous tree, Leuceana leucocephala. Water Res 37(2):441-449. PMID:12502073
  • Loftfield M. 2003. Phytoremediation of an eastern Oregon agricultural distribution facility using hybrid poplar Populus deltoides x P. nigra clone OP-367. In: Proceedings of the 13th Annual West Coast Conference on Soils, Sediments and Water.
  • Matthews DW, Massmann J, Strand SE. 2003. Influence of aquifer properties on phytoremediation effectiveness. Ground Water 41(1):41-47. PMID:12533074
  • Newman LA, Arnold CW. 2003. A review of the state of the technology. In: MTBE Remediation Handbook. Amherst Scientific Publishers,


  • Banerjee S, Shang TQ, Wilson AM, Moore AL, Strand SE, Gordon MP, Doty SL. 2002. Expression of functional mammalian P450 2E1 in hairy root cultures. Biotechnol Bioeng 77(4):462-466. PMID:11787019
  • Shang TQ, Gordon MP. 2002. Transformation of [14C] trichloroethylene by poplar suspension cells. Chemosphere 47(9):957-962. PMID:12108702
  • Shang TQ, Newman LA, Gordon MP. 2002. Fate of trichloroethylene and carbon tetrachloride in terrestrial plants. In: Phytoremediation: Transformation and Control of Contaminants, Chapter 11. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
  • Wang X, Gordon MP, Strand SE. 2002. Mechanism of aerobic transformation of carbon tetrachloride by poplar cells. Biodegradation 13(5):297-305. PMID:12688582


  • Shang TQ, Doty SL, Wilson AM, Howald WN, Gordon MP. 2001. Trichloroethylene oxidative metabolism in plants: the trhichloroethanol pathway. Phytochemistry 58(7):1055-1065. PMID:11730869
  • Wood DW, Setubal JC, Kaul R, Monks DE, Kitajima JP, Okura VK, Zhou Y, Chen L, Wood GE, Almeida NF, Woo L, Chen Y, Paulsen IT, Eisen JA, Karp PD, Bovee D, Chapman P, Clendenning J, Deatherage G, Gillet W, Grant C, Kutyavin T, Levy R, Li M, McClelland E, Palmieri A, Raymond C, Rouse G, Saenphimmachak C, Wu Z, Romero P, Gordon D, Zhang S, Yoo H, Tao Y, Biddle P, Jung M, Krespan W, Perry M, Gordon-Kamm B, Liao L, Kim S, Hendrick C, Zhao Y, Dolan M, Chumley F, Tingey SV, Tomb J, Gordon MP, Olson MV, Nester EW. 2001. The genome of the natural genetic engineer Agrobacterium tumefaciens C58. Science 294(5550):2317-2323. doi:10.1126/science.1066804 PMID:11743193


  • Doty SL, Shang TQ, Wilson AM, Tangen J, Westergreen AD, Newman LA, Strand SE, Gordon MP. 2000. Enhanced metabolism of halogenated hydrocarbons in transgenic plants containing mammalian cytochrome P450 2E1. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97(12):6287-6291. PMID:10841534


  • Newman LA, Wang X, Muiznieks IA, Ekuan G, Ruszaj M, Cortellucci R, Domroes D, Karscig G, Newman T, Crampton RS, Hashmonay RA, Yost MG, Heilman PE, Duffy J, Gordon MP, Strand SE. 1999. Remediation of trichloroethylene in an artificial aquifer with trees: a controlled field study. Environ Sci Technol 33(13):2257-2265.


  • Gordon MP, Choe N, Duffy J, Ekuan G, Heilman PE, Muiznieks IA, Ruszaj M, Shurtleff BB, Strand SE, Wilmoth J, Newman LA. 1998. Phytoremediation of trichloroethylene with hybrid poplars. Environ Health Perspect 106(Suppl.4):1001-1004. PMID:9703485
  • Newman LA, Bod C, Choe N, Crampton RS, Cortellucci R, Domroes D, Doty SL, Duffy J, Ekuan G, Fogel D, Hashmonay RA, Heilman PE, Martin D, Muiznieks IA, Newman T, Ruszaj M, Shang TQ, Shurtleff BB, Stanley S, Strand SE, Wang X, Wilmoth J, Yost MG, Gordon MP. 1998. Phytoremediation of trichloroethylene and carbon tetrachloride: Results from bench to field. In: Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference on Hazardous Waste Research. Kansas City, MO.


  • Gordon MP, Choe N, Duffy J, Ekuan G, Heilman PE, Muiznieks IA, Newman LA, Ruszaj M, Shurtleff BB, Strand SE, Wilmoth J. 1997. Phytoremediation of Trichloroethylene with Hybrid Poplars. In: Phytoremediation of Soil and Water Contamination: ACE Symposium Series 664. American Chemical Society, pp.177-185.
  • Gordon MP, Strand SE, Choe N, Doty SL, Duffy J, Gordon E, Heilman PE, Martin D, Muiznieks A, Ruszaj M, Shang TQ, Shang B, Shurtleff BB, Stanley S, Wilmoth J, Newman LA. 1997. Phytoremediation of chlorinated solvents: Poplars remove chlorinated solvents from an aquifer in field trials. In: Proceedings of the IBC (International Business Communications ) Second Annual Conference on Phytoremediation.
  • Newman LA, Strand SE, Choe N, Duffy J, Ekuan G, Ruszaj M, Shurtleff BB, Wilmoth J, Heilman PE, Gordon MP. 1997. Uptake and biotransformation of trichloroethylene by hybrid poplars. Environ Sci Technol 31(4):1062-1067.
  • Schmiedeskamp M. 1997. Pollution-purging poplars: trees that break down organic contaminants. Scientific American December:46.


  • Deng W, Gordon MP, Nester EW. 1995. Sequence and distribution of IS1312: Evidence for horizontal DNA transfer from Rhizobium to Agrobacterium. J Bacteriol 177(9):2554-2559. PMID:7730290
  • Deng W, Pu X, Goodman RN, Gordon MP, Nester EW. 1995. T-DNA genes responsible for inducing a necrotic response on grape vines. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 8(4):538-548. PMID:8589410
  • Hollick JB, Gordon MP. 1995. Transgenic analysis of a hybrid poplar wound-inducible promoter reveals developmental patterns of expression similar to that of storage protein genes. Plant Physiol 109(1):73-85. PMID:7480333
  • Pan SQ, Jin S, Boulton MI, Hawes M, Gordon MP, Nester EW. 1995. An Agrobacterium virulence factor encoded by a Ti plasmid gene or a chromosomal gene is required for T-DNA transfer into plants. Mol Microbiol 17(2):259-269. PMID:7494475
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