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Project Publications: Columbia University: Enhanced Remediation at U.S. Arsenic-Contaminated Sites

Superfund Research Program

Enhanced Remediation at U.S. Arsenic-Contaminated Sites

Project Leader: Benjamin C. Bostick
Co-Investigator: Steven N. Chillrud
Grant Number: P42ES010349
Funding Period: 2000-2021

Project-Specific Links



  • Mushtaq N, Farooqi A, Khattak JA, Hussain I, Mailloux BJ, Bostick BC, Nghiem AA, Ellis T, van Geen AF. 2024. Elevated arsenic concentrations in groundwater of the Upper Indus Plain of Pakistan across a range of redox conditions. Sci Total Environ 912:doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.168574 PMID:38000757


  • Shen Y, Wiita E, Nghiem AA, Liu J, Haque E, Austin RN, Seng CY, Phan K, Zheng Y, Bostick BC. 2023. Zinc localization and speciation in rice grain under variable soil zinc deficiency. Plant Soil 102:doi:10.1007/s11104-023-06140-1
  • Spaur M, Bostick BC, Chillrud SN, Factor-Litvak P, Navas-Acien A, Nigra AE. 2023. Impact of lowering the US maximum contaminant level on arsenic exposure: Differences by race, region, and water arsenic in NHANES 2003-2014. Environ Pollut 333:122047. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2023.122047 PMID:37331581
  • Spaur M, Lombard M, Ayotte JD, Bostick BC, Chillrud SN, Navas-Acien A, Nigra AE. 2023. Cross-sectional associations between drinking water arsenic and urinary inorganic arsenic in the United States: NHANES 2003-2014. Environ Res 227:115741. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2023.115741 PMID:36963713 PMCID:PMC1016594


  • Barron A, Sun J, Passaretti S, Sbarbati C, Barbieri M, Colombani N, Jamieson J, Bostick BC, Zheng Y, Mastrocicco M, Petitta M, Prommer H. 2022. In situ arsenic immobilisation for coastal aquifers using stimulated iron cycling: Lab-based viability assessment. Appl Geochem 136:105155. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2021.105155 PMID:34955596 PMCID:PMC8699153
  • Ravalli F, Yu Y, Bostick BC, Chillrud SN, Schilling K, Basu A, Navas-Acien A, Nigra AE. 2022. Sociodemographic inequalities in uranium and other metals in community water systems across the USA, 2006-11: a cross-sectional study. Lancet Planet Health 6(4):320-330. doi:10.1016/S2542-5196(22)00043-2 PMID:35397220 PMCID:PMC9037820


  • Haque E, Thorne PS, Nghiem AA, Yip CS, Bostick BC. 2021. Lead (Pb) concentrations and speciation in residential soils from an urban community impacted by multiple legacy sources. J Hazard Mater 416:
  • Reich ND, Nghiem AA, Nicholas S, Bostick BC, Campbell MG. 2021. Determination of arsenic content in water using a silver coordination polymer. ACS Environ Au doi:10.1021/acsenvironau.1c00036
  • Siade AJ, Bostick BC, Cirpka OA, Prommer H. 2021. Unraveling biogeochemical complexity through better integration of experiments and modeling. Environ Sci Process Impacts 23(12):doi:10.1039/d1em00303h PMID:34739021 (ahead of print)
  • Yang W, Luo L, Bostick BC, Cheng Y, Shen Y. 2021. Effect of combined arsenic and lead exposure on their uptake and translocation in Indian mustard. Environ Pollut 274:doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2021.116549


  • Flanagan SV, Braman S, Puelle R, Gleason JA, Spayd SE, Procopio NA, Prosswimmer G, Navas-Acien A, Graziano JH, Chillrud SN. 2020. Leveraging Health Care Communication Channels for Environmental Health Outreach in New Jersey. J Public Health Manag Pract doi:10.1097/PHH.0000000000001121 PMID:32011595
  • Huang H, Wang J, Yao R, Bostick BC, Prommer H, Liu X, Sun J. 2020. Effects of divalent heavy metal cations on the synthesis and characteristics of magnetite. Chemical Geology 547(9):doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2020.119669
  • Krupoff M, Mobarak AM, van Green A. 2020. Evaluating Strategies to Reduce Arsenic Poisoning in South Asia: A View from the Social Sciences. Asian Dev Rev 37(2):21-44. doi:10.1162/adev_a_00148
  • Nghiem AA, Shen Y, Stahl MO, Sun J, Haque E, DeYoung B, Nguyen K, Mai TT, Trang PK, Pham HV, Mailloux BJ, Harvey CF, van Geen AF, Bostick BC. 2020. Aquifer-scale observations of iron redox transformations in arsenic-impacted environments to predict future contamination. Environ Sci Technol Lett 7:916-922. doi:10.1021/acs.estlett.0c00672
  • Peli M, Bostick BC, Barontini S, Lucchini R, Ranzi R. 2020. Profiles and species of Mn, Fe and trace metals in soils near a ferromanganese plant in Bagnolo Mella (Brescia, IT). Sci Total Environ doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143123
  • Yang Q, Flanagan SV, Chillrud SN, Ross JM, Zeng W, Culbertson CW, Spayd SE, Backer L, Smith AE, Zheng Y. 2020. Reduction in drinking water arsenic exposure and health risk through arsenic treatment among private well households in Maine and New Jersey, USA. Sci Total Environ 738:139683. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139683 PMID:32535281 PMCID:PMC7429269
  • Zheng Y. 2020. Global solutions to a silent poison. Science 368:818-819. doi:10.1126/science.abb9746 PMID:32439775


  • Bostick BC. 2019. Massive ore deposits from microscopic organisms. Geology 47(2):191-192. doi:10.1130/focus022019.1 PMID:30760941 PMCID:PMC6370475
  • Huang L, Liu L, Zhang T, Zhao D, Li H, Sun H, Kinney PL, Pitiranggon M, Chillrud SN, Ma LQ, Navas-Acien A, Bi J, Yan B. 2019. An interventional study of rice for reducing cadmium exposure in a Chinese industrial town. Environ Int 122:301-309. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2018.11.019 PMID:30477816 PMCID:PMC6368677
  • Huhmann BL, Harvey CF, Navas-Acien A, Graziano JH, Parvez F, Chen Y, Argos M, Ahmed A, Hasan R, Ahsan H, van Geen AF. 2019. Changes in arsenic exposure in Araihazar, Bangladesh from 2001 through 2015 following a blanket well testing and education campaign. Environ Int 125:82-89. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2019.01.026 PMID:30710803 PMCID:PMC6449151
  • Huhmann BL, Harvey CF, Uddin A, Choudhury I, Ahmed KM, Duxbury JM, Ellis T, van Geen AF. 2019. Inversion of high-arsenic soil for improved rice yield in Bangladesh. Environ Sci Technol 53(7):3410-3418. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b06064 PMID:30816703
  • Jamil N, Feng H, Ahmed KM, Choudhury I, Barnwal P, van Geen AF. 2019. Effectiveness of different approaches to arsenic mitigation over 18 years in Araihazar, Bangladesh: Implications for national policy. Environ Sci Technol 53(10):5596-5604. doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b01375 PMID:31033281 PMCID:PMC6535723
  • Landes FC, Paltseva A, Sobolewski JM, Cheng Z, Ellis T, Mailloux BJ, van Geen AF. 2019. A field procedure to screen soil for hazardous lead. Anal Chem 91(13):8192-8198. doi:10.1021/acs.analchem.9b00681 PMID:31177771 PMCID:PMC6610547
  • Mailloux BJ, Kim C, Kichuk T, Nguyen K, Precht C, Wang S, Jewell TN, Karaoz U, Brodie EL, Williams KH, Beller HR, Buchholz BA. 2019. Paired RNA radiocarbon and sequencing analyses indicate the importance of autotrophy in a shallow alluvial aquifer. Sci Rep 9(1):10370. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46663-1 PMID:31316095 PMCID:PMC6637170
  • Nghiem AA, Stahl MO, Mailloux BJ, Mai TT, Trang PK, Viet PH, Harvey CF, van Geen AF, Bostick BC. 2019. Quantifying riverine recharge impacts on redox contitions and arsenic released in groundwater aquifers along the Red River, Vietnam. Water Resour Res doi:10.1029/2019WR024816
  • van Geen AF, Farooqi A, Kumar A, Khattack JA, Mushtaq N, Hussain I, Ellis T, Singh CK. 2019. Field testing of over 30,000 wells for arsenic across 400 villages of the Punjab plains of Pakistan and India: implications for prioritizing mitigation. Sci Total Environ 654:1358-1363. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.201 PMID:30841408 PMCID:PMC6407622


  • Haque E, Mailloux BJ, de Wolff D, Gilioli S, Kelly C, Ahmed EB, Small C, Ahmed KM, van Geen AF, Bostick BC. 2018. Quantitative drinking water arsenic concentrations in field environments using mobile phone photometry of field kits. Sci Total Environ 618:579-585. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.12.123 PMID:29102200 PMCID:PMC5773362
  • Jamieson J, Prommer H, Kaksonen AH, Sun J, Siade AJ, Yusov A, Bostick BC. 2018. Identifying and quantifying the intermediate processes during nitrate-dependent iron(II) oxidation. Environ Sci Technol 52:5771-5781. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b01122 PMID:29676145
  • Myers K, Tice MM, Bostick BC. 2018. Geochemical signatures reveal that arsenic(III)-photosynthesis fueled microorganisms in 3.26-billion-year-old shallow oceans. Nat Commun (in press)
  • Sanchez TR, Slavkovich VN, LoIacono NJ, van Geen AF, Ellis T, Chillrud SN, Balac O, Islam T, Parvez F, Ahsan H, Graziano JH, Navas-Acien A. 2018. Urinary metals and metal mixtures in Bangladesh: Exploring environmental sources in the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS). Environ Int 121:852-860. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2018.10.031 PMID:30343184 PMCID:PMC6231410
  • Shoenfelt EM, Winckler G, Lamy F, Anderson RF, Bostick BC. 2018. Highly bioavailable dust-borne iron delivered to the Southern Ocean during glacial periods. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:11180-11185. doi:10.1073/pnas.1809755115 PMID:30322933 PMCID:PMC6217405
  • Sun J, Bostick BC, Mailloux BJ, Jamieson J, Yan B, Pitiranggon M, Chillrud SN. 2018. Arsenic mobilization from iron oxides in the presence of oxalic acid under hydrodynamic conditions. Chemosphere 212:219-227. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.08.058 PMID:30144683
  • Sun J, Mailloux BJ, Chillrud SN, van Geen AF, Thompson A, Bostick BC. 2018. Simultaneously quantifying ferrihydrite and goethite in natural sediments using the method of standard additions with X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Chemical Geology 476:248-259. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.11.021 PMID:29353912 PMCID:PMC5771421
  • Sun J, Prommer H, Siade AJ, Chillrud SN, Mailloux BJ, Bostick BC. 2018. Model-based analysis of arsenic immobilization via iron mineral transformation under advective flows. Environ Sci Technol 52(16):9243-9253. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b01762 PMID:30039966


  • Gnanaprakasam ET, Lloyd JR, Boothman C, Ahmed KM, Choudhury I, Bostick BC, van Geen AF, Mailloux BJ. 2017. Microbial community structure and arsenic biogeochemistry in two arsenic-impacted aquifers in Bangladesh. MBio 8(6):e01326-17. doi:10.1128/mBio.01326-17 PMID:29184025 PMCID:PMC5705915
  • Huhmann BL, Harvey CF, Uddin A, Choudhury I, Ahmed KM, Duxbury JM, Bostick BC, van Geen AF. 2017. Field study of rice yield diminished by soil arsenic in Bangladesh. Environ Sci Technol 51:11553–11560. doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b01487 PMID:28929748 PMCID:PMC5645253
  • Keimowitz AR, Mailloux BJ, Wovkulich K, Harkness JS, Ross JM, Chillrud SN. 2017. Manganese redox buffering limits arsenic release from contaminated sediments, Union Lake, New Jersey. Appl Geochem 77:24-30. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2016.10.003 PMID:29238131 PMCID:PMC5726284
  • Nigra AE, Sanchez TR, Nachman KE, Harvey DE, Chillrud SN, Graziano JH, Navas-Acien A. 2017. The effect of the Environmental Protection Agency maximum contaminant level on arsenic exposure in the USA from 2003 to 2014: an analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Lancet Public Health 2:e513-e521. doi:10.1016/s2468-2667(17)30195-0 PMID:29250608 PMCID:PMC5729579


  • Sun J, Bostick BC, Mailloux BJ, Ross JM, Chillrud SN. 2016. Effect of oxalic acid treatment on sediment arsenic concentrations and lability under reducing conditions. J Hazard Mater 311:125-133. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.02.060 PMID:26970042 PMCID:PMC4826786
  • Sun J, Bostick BC, Mailloux BJ, Ross JM, Chillrud SN. 2016. Use of oxalic acid for mobilizing arsenic from contaminated sediments and decreasing vulnerability to reduction. J Hazard Mater 311:125-133.
  • Sun J, Chillrud SN, Mailloux BJ, Bostick BC. 2016. In situ magnetite formation and long-term arsenic immobilization under advective flow conditions. Environ Sci Technol 50(18):10162-10171. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b02362 PMID:27533278
  • Sun J, Chillrud SN, Mailloux BJ, Stute M, Singh R, Dong H, Lepre CJ, Bostick BC. 2016. Enhanced and stabilized arsenic retention in microcosms through the microbial oxidation of ferrous iron by nitrate. Chemosphere 144:1106-1115. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.09.045 PMID:26454120 PMCID:PMC4779597
  • Sun J, Quicksall AN, Chillrud SN, Mailloux BJ, Bostick BC. 2016. Arsenic mobilization from sediments in microcosms under sulfate reduction. Chemosphere 153:254-261. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.02.117 PMID:27037658 PMCID:PMC4837041
  • Whaley-Martin K, Mailloux BJ, van Geen AF, Bostick BC, Silvern R, Kim C, Ahmed KM, Choudhury I, Slater GF. 2016. Stimulation of microbially mediated arsenic release in Bangladesh aquifers by young carbon indicated by radiocarbon analysis of sedimentary bacterial lipids. Environ Sci Technol 50(14):7353-7363. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b00868 PMID:27333443


  • Wovkulich K, Stute M, Mailloux BJ, Keimowitz AR, Ross JM, Bostick BC, Sun J, Chillrud SN. 2014. In situ oxalic acid injection to accelerate arsenic remediation at a superfund site in new jersey. Environ Chem 11(5):525-537. doi:10.1071/EN13222 PMID:25598701 PMCID:PMC4294815





  • Metral J, Charlet L, Bureau S, Mallik SB, Chakraborty S, Ahmed KM, Rahman MW, Cheng Z, van Geen AF. 2008. Comparison of dissolved and particulate arsenic distributions in shallow aquifers of Chakdaha, India, and Araihazar, Bangladesh. Geochem Trans 9:1. doi:10.1186/1467-4866-9-1 PMID:18190703 PMCID:PMC2246114
  • Radloff KA, Manning AR, Mailloux BJ, Zheng Y, Rahman MM, Huq MR, Ahmed KM, Stute M, van Geen AF. 2008. Considerations for conducting incubations to study the mechanisms of As release in reducing groundwater aquifers. Appl Geochem 23(11):3224-3235. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2008.07.009 PMID:19884962 PMCID:PMC2614277
  • Weinman B, Goodbred SL, Zheng Y, Aziz Z, Singhvi A, Nagar YC, Sleekier M, van Geen AF. 2008. Contributions of floodplain stratigraphy and evolution to the spatial patterns of groundwater arsenic in Araihazar, Bangladesh. Geological Society of America Bulletin 120(11-12):1567-1580. doi:10.1130/B26209.1


  • Keimowitz AR, Mailloux BJ, Colery P, Stute M, Simpson HJ, Chillrud SN. 2007. Laboratory investigations of enhanced sulfate reduction as a groundwater arsenic remediation strategy. Environ Sci Technol 41(19):6718-6724. PMID:17969686 PMCID:PMC3155844
  • Louchouarn P, Chillrud SN, Houel S, Yan B, Chaky DA, Rumpel C, Largeau C, Bardoux G, Walsh DC, Bopp RF. 2007. Elemental and molecular evidence of soot- and char-derived black carbon inputs to New York City's atmosphere during the 20th century. Environ Sci Technol 41(1):82-87. doi:10.1021/es061304+ PMID:17265930
  • Wovkulich K, Simpson HJ, Stute M, Mailloux BJ, Keimowitz AR, Cheng Z, Chillrud SN. 2007. Improving arsenic remediation through chemistry: laboratory and modeling data for a Superfund site highly contaminated with arsenic (Vineland, NJ). Superfund Basic Research Symposium
  • Wovkulich K, Stute M, Simpson HJ, Mailloux BJ, Lacko A, Keimowitz AR, Cheng Z, Chillrud SN. 2007. Mobilization of arsenic from contaminated sediments for improved remediation. Superfund Basic Research Symposium


  • Keimowitz AR, Datta S, Stute M, Simpson HJ, Chillrud SN, Tsang M, Ross JM. 2003. Arsenic mobilization under reducing conditions beneath a landfill in Maine. In: Proceedings of the 226th ACS (American Chemical Society) National Meeting - Fall 2003. New York, NY.
  • Santella RM, Ho DT, Schlosser P, Stute M. 2003. The distribution of atmospheric SF6 near a large urban area as recorded in the vadose zone. Environ Sci Technol 37(6):1069-1074. PMID:12680656


  • Datta S, Keimowitz AR, Simpson HJ, Stute M, Chillrud SN, Tsang M, Zheng Y, van Geen AF, Dobbs GM. 2002. Redox controls on arsenic mobility beneath Winthrop landfill, Maine. In: Proceedings of Arsenic in New England. New Hampshire Consortium on Arsenic, May 29-31.
  • He Y, Zheng Y, Locke DC. 2002. Differential pulse cathodic stripping voltammetric determination of nanomolar levels of dissolved sulfide applicable to field analysis of groundwater. Anal Chim Acta 459(2):209-217.
  • Tsang M, Chillrud SN, Stute M, Simpson HJ, Ross JM, Keimowitz AR, Zheng Y, Wallace S, Cheng Z, van Geen AF. 2002. Arsenic mobilization from fine particles under reducing conditions: implications for groundwater remediation. In: Proceedings of the 37th Annual Meeting of the Northeastern Geological Society of America.
  • van Geen AF, Ahsan H, Horneman AH, Dhar RK, Zheng Y, Hussain A, Ahmed KM, Gelman AE, Stute M, Simpson HJ, Wallace S, Small C, Parvez F, Slavkovich VN, Lolacono NJ, Becker M, Cheng Z, Momotaj H, Shahnewaz M, Seddique AA. 2002. Promotion of well-switching to mitigate the current arsenic crisis in Bangladesh. Bull World Health Organ 80(9):732-737. PMID:12378292


  • He Y, Zheng Y, Locke DC, Simpson HJ, Stute M. 2001. Dissolved sulfide in groundwater with elevated arsenic concentrations at Winthrop, Maine. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 82(47):H32C-0316.
  • Santella RM, Schlosser P, Ho DT, Stute M. 2001. The vadose zone as an archive of atmospheric SF6 near a large urban area. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 82(47):H52D-12.
  • Schlosser P, Stute M, Ho DT, Smethie WM. 2001. Role of environmental tracers for hydrologic investigations. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 82(47):H42A-0341.
  • Stute M, Simpson HJ, Chillrud SN, Law-wai E, Santella RM, Ross JM, Ho DT, Schlosser P, Zheng Y, Dobbs GM. 2001. Application of SF6, bromide and 3H/3He for tracing groundwater transport beneath a landfill. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 82(47):H22C-0371.
  • Stute M, Simpson HJ, Chillrud SN, Law-wai E, Santella RM, Ross JM, Ho DT, Schlosser P, Zheng Y, van Geen AF, Dobbs GM, Butler BK. 2001. Arsenic mobilization in reducing groundwaters at a Superfund site in Maine: remediation through aquifer redox manipulation?. In: Proceedings of the Arsenic in Drinking Water International Conference. Columbia University, Nov. 26-27.
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