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Your Environment. Your Health.

Person Details

Superfund Research Program

Robert H. Hurt

Brown University
School of Engineering
Barus & Holley Building
182 Hope St., Box D
Providence, RI 02912
Phone: 401-863-2685


Research Briefs







  • Guo F, Creighton M, Chen Y, Hurt RH, Kulaots I. 2014. Porous structures in stacked, crumpled and pillared graphene-based 3D materials. Carbon66:476-484.
  • Qiu Y, Guo F, Hurt RH, Kulaots I. 2014. Explosive thermal reduction of graphene oxide-based materials: mechanism and safety implications. Carbon72:215-223. PMCID:PMC4088991
  • Qiu Y, Wang Z, Owens AC, Kulaots I, Chen Y, Kane AB, Hurt RH. 2014. Antioxidant chemistry of graphene-based materials and its role in oxidation protection technology. Nanoscale6(20):11744-11755. doi:10.1039/c4nr03275f PMID:25157875 PMCID:PMC4312421
  • Rodd AL, Creighton M, Vaslet CA, Rangel-Mendez JR, Hurt RH, Kane AB. 2014. Effects of surface-engineered nanoparticle-based dispersants for marine oil spills on the model organism Artemia franciscana. Environ Sci Technol48(11):6419-6427. doi:10.1021/es500892m PMID:24823274 PMCID:PMC4046867
  • Velazquez-Jimenez LH, Hurt RH, Matos J, Rangel-Mendez JR. 2014. Zirconium-carbon hybrid sorbent for removal of fluoride from water: Oxalic acid mediated Zr(IV) assembly and adsorption mechanism. Environ Sci Technol48(2):1166-1174. doi:10.1021/es403929b PMCID:PMC4009989



  • Liu J, Wang Z, Liu FD, Kane AB, Hurt RH. 2012. Chemical transformations of nanosilver in biological environments. ACS Nano6:9887-9899. doi:10.1021/nn303449n
  • Sanchez V, Jachak A, Hurt RH, Kane AB. 2012. Biological interactions of graphene-family nanomaterials: an interdisciplinary review. Chem Res Toxicol25(1):15-34. doi:10.1021/tx200339h


  • Guo F, Kim F, Han TH, Shenoy V, Huang J, Hurt RH. 2011. Hydration-Responsive Folding and Unfolding in Graphene Oxide Liquid Crystal Phases. ACS Nano5:8019-8025. doi:doi:10.1021/nn2025644
  • Liu J, Pennell KG, Hurt RH. 2011. Kinetics and mechanisms of nanosilver oxysulfidation. Environ Sci Technol45(17):7345–7353. doi:10.1021/es201539s PMID:21770469 PMCID:PMC3164758 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Liu X, Sen S, Liu J, Kulaots I, Geohegan D, Kane AB, Palmore TR, Hurt RH. 2011. Antioxidant deactivation on graphenic nanocarbon surfaces. Small7(19):2775-2785. doi:10.1002/smll.201100651 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Pietruska JR, Liu X, Smith A, McNeil K, Weston P, Zhitkovich A, Hurt RH, Kane AB. 2011. Bioavailability, intracellular mobilization of nickel, and HIF-1α activation in human lung epithelial cells exposed to metallic nickel and nickel oxide nanoparticles. Toxicological Sciences124(1):138-148. (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Sanchez V, Weston P, Yan A, Hurt RH, Kane AB. 2011. A 3-dimensional in vitro model of epithelioid granulomas induced by high aspect ratio nanomaterials. Particle and Fiber Toxicology 8(17):1-18. doi:10.1186/1743-8977-8-17 (Completed with ARRA Funds)
  • Shi X, von dem Bussche A, Hurt RH, Kane AB, Gao H. 2011. Cell entry of one-dimensional nanomaterials occurs by tip recognition and rotation. Nat Nanotechnol6:714-719. doi:10.1038/nnano.2011.151



  • Hoover E, Brown P, Averick M, Kane AB, Hurt RH. 2009. Teaching small and thinking large: Effects of social and ethical implications in an interdisciplinary nanotechnology course. Journal of Nanoeducation1(1):86-95.
  • Jakubek L, Marangoudakis S, Raingo J, Liu X, Lipscombe D, Hurt RH. 2009. The inhibition of neuronal calcium-ion channels by trace levels of yttrium released from carbon nanotubes. Biomaterials30(31):6351-6357. doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2009.08.009
  • Lee B, Sarin L, Johnson NC, Hurt RH. 2009. A nano-selenium reactive barrier approach for managing mercury over the life-cycle of compact fluorescent lamps. Environ Sci Technol43(15):5915-20. doi:10.1021/es9013097
  • Liu X, Vinson D, Abt D, Hurt RH, Rand DM. 2009. Differential toxicity of carbon nanomaterials in Drosophila: larval dietary uptake is benign, but adult exposure causes locomotor impairment and mortality. Environ Sci Technol43(16):6357-63. doi:10.1021/es901079z
  • Sanchez V, Pietruska JR, Miselis NR, Hurt RH, Kane AB. 2009. Biopersistence and potential adverse health impacts of fibrous nanomaterials: what have we learned from asbestos?. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology1(5):511-529. doi:10.1002/wnan.41


  • Guo L, Morris DG, Kane AB, Hurt RH, Liu X. 2008. Targeted removal of bioavailable metal as a detoxification strategy for carbon nanotubes. Carbon46(3):489-500. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2007.12.018
  • Guo L, von dem Bussche A, Buechner M, Kane AB, Hurt RH. 2008. Adsorption of essential micronutrients by carbon nanotubes and its implications for nanotoxicity testing. Small4(6):721-727.
  • Guo L, von dem Bussche A, Buechner M, Yan A, Kane AB, Hurt RH. 2008. Adsorption of essential micronutrients by carbon nanotubes and the implications for nanotoxicity testing. Small4(6):721-7. doi:10.1002/smll.200700754
  • Johnson NC, Manchester S, Sarin L, Gao Y, Kulaots I, Hurt RH. 2008. Mercury vapor release from broken compact fluorescent lamps and in situ capture by new nanomaterial sorbents. Environ Sci Technol42(15):5772-5778. doi:10.1021/es8004392
  • Kane AB, Hurt RH. 2008. Nanotoxicology: the Asbestos Analogy Revisited. Nat Nanotechnol3:378-379. doi:10.1038/nnano.2008.182
  • Manchester S, Wang X, Kulaots I, Gao Y, Hurt RH. 2008. High capacity mercury adsoprtion on freshly ozone-treated carbon surfaces. Carbon46(3):518-524. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2007.12.019


  • Guo L, Liu XY, Sanchez V, Vaslet CA, Kane AB, Hurt RH. 2007. A window of opportunity: designing carbon nanomaterials for environmental safety and health. Material Science Forum 544-545:511-516.
  • Guo L, Morris DG, Liu X, Vaslet CA, Hurt RH, Kane AB. 2007. Iron bioavailability and redox activity in diverse carbon nanotube samples. Chemistry of Materials19(14):3472-3478. doi:10.1021/cm062691p
  • Jian K, Truong TC, Hoffman WP, Hurt RH. 2007. Mesoporous carbons with self-assembled surfaces of defined crystal orientation. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials108:143-151.
  • Liu X, Gurel V, Morris D, Murray DW, Zhitkovich A, Kane AB, Hurt RH. 2007. Bioavailability of nickel in single-wall carbon nanotubes. Advanced Materials19:2790-96.
  • Yan A, von dem Bussche A, Kane AB, Hurt RH. 2007. Tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate as a safe, antioxidant surfactant for processing carbon nanotubes and fullerenes. Carbon45:2463-70.


  • Hurt RH, Monthioux M, Kane AB. 2006. Toxicology of carbon nanomaterials: Status, trends, and perspectives on the special issue. Carbon44(6):1028-1033. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2005.12.023
  • Jian K, Yan A, Kulaots I, Crawford GP, Hurt RH. 2006. Reconstruction and hydrophobicity of nanocarbon surfaces composed solely of graphene edges. Carbon44(10):2102-2106. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2006.03.035
  • Yan A, Lau BW, Weissman BS, Kulaots I, Yang NY, Kane AB, Hurt RH. 2006. Biocompatible, hydrophilic, supramolecular carbon nanoparticles for cell delivery. Advanced Materials18:2373-78. doi:10.1002/adma.200600838

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