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Person Details

Superfund Research Program

Michael S. Denison

University of California-Davis
Department of Environmental Toxicology
4245 Meyer Hall
One Shields Avenue
Davis, CA 95616
Phone: 530-752-3879
Fax: 530-752-3394


Research Briefs


Hazardous Waste Sites

Frontier Fertilizer

  • University of California-Davis: Development and Application of Integrated In Vitro and Cell-Based Bioassays






  • Brander SM, Connon RE, He G, Hobbs JA, Smalling KL, Teh SJ, White JW, Werner I, Denison MS, Cherr GN. 2013. From 'omics to otoliths: responses of an estuarine fish to endocrine disrupting compounds across biological scales. PLoS One8(9):e74251. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0074251 PMID:24086325 PMCID:PMC3783432
  • Brennan JC, Denison MS, Holstege DM, Magiatis P, Dallas JL, Gutierrez EG, Soshilov AA, Millam JR. 2013. 2,3-cis-2R, 3R-(-)-epiafzelechin-3-O-p-coumarate, a novel flavan-3-ol isolated from Fallopia convolvulus seed, is an estrogen receptor agonist in human cell lines. BMC Complement Altern Med 13:133. doi:10.1186/1472-6882-13-133 PMID:23768005 PMCID:PMC3695784
  • Croes K, Colles A, Koppen G, de Galan S, Vandermarken T, Govarts E, Bruckers L, Nelen V, Schoeters G, Van Larebeke N, Denison MS, Mampaey M, Baeyens W. 2013. Determination of PCDD/Fs, PBDD/Fs and dioxin-like PCBs in human milk from mothers residing in the rural areas in Flanders, using the CALUX bioassay and GC-HRMS. Talanta113:99-105. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2013.03.086 PMID:23708629 PMCID:PMC3690775
  • Fraccalvieri D, Soshilov AA, Karchner SI, Franks DG, Pandini A, Bonati L, Hahn ME, Denison MS. 2013. Comparative analysis of homology models of the AH receptor ligand binding domain: Verification of structure-function predictions by site-directed mutagenesis of a nonfunctional receptor. Biochemistry52:714-725. doi:10.1021/bi301457f PMID:23286227 PMCID:PMC3568667
  • He G, Zhao J, Brennan JC, Affatato AA, Zhao B, Rice RH, Denison MS. 2013. Cell-based assays for identification of aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor activators. In: Optimization of Drug Discovery: In Vitro Methods (2E). Humana Press, New York, NY. pp.221-235.
  • He G, Zhao J, Brennan JC, Affatato AA, Zhao B, Rice RH, Denison MS. 2013. Cell-based assays for identification of aryl hydrocarbon (AhR) receptor activators. Chapter 13 in: Optimization of Drug Discovery: In Vitro Methods (2E). Humana Press, New York, NY. pp.221-235.
  • Hu Q, He G, Zhao J, Soshilov AA, Denison MS, Zhang A, Yin H, Fraccalvieri D, Bonati L, Xie Q, Zhao B. 2013. Ginsenosides are novel naturally-occurring aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligands. PLoS One8:e66258. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0066258 PMID:23776647 PMCID:PMC3679084
  • Kamenickova A, Anzenbacherova E, Pavek P, Soshilov AA, Denison MS, Anzenbacher P, Dvorak Z. 2013. Pelargonidin activates the AhR and induces CYP1A1 in primary human hepatocytes and human cancer cell lines HepG2 and LS174T. Toxicol Lett218(3):253-259. doi:10.1016/j.toxlet.2013.01.020 PMID:23419638 PMCID:PMC3644221
  • Kamenickova A, Anzenbacherova E, Pavek P, Soshilov AA, Denison MS, Zapletalova M, Anzenbacher P, Dvorak Z. 2013. Effects of anthocyanins on the AhR-CYP1A1 signaling pathway in human hepatocytes and human cancer cell lines. Toxicol Lett221(1):1-8. doi:10.1016/j.toxlet.2013.05.007 PMID:23735880 PMCID:PMC3759295
  • Magiatis P, Pappas P, Gaitanis G, Mexia N, Melliou E, Galanou M, Vlachos C, Stathopoulou K, Skaltsounis AL, Marselos M, Velegraki A, Denison MS, Bassukas ID. 2013. Malassezia yeasts produce a collection of exceptionally potent activators of the Ah (dioxin) receptor detected in diseased human skin. Journal of Investigative Dermatology133(8):2023-2030. doi:10.1038/jid.2013.92 PMID:23448877 PMCID:PMC3714356
  • Zhao B, Bohonowych JE, Timme-Laragy AR, Jung D, Affatato AA, Rice RH, Di Giulio RT, Denison MS. 2013. Common commercial and consumer products contain activators of the aryl hydrocarbon (dioxin) receptor. PLoS One8(2):e56860. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0056860 PMID:23441220 PMCID:PMC3575475







  • Brown DJ, Orelien J, Gordon JD, Chu AC, Chu MD, Nakamura M, Handa H, Kayama F, Denison MS, Clark GC. 2007. Mathematical model developed for environmental samples: prediction of GC/MS dioxin TEQ from XDS-CALUX bioassay data. Environ Sci Technol41(12):4354-60.
  • Nording M, Denison MS, Baston DS, Persson Y, Spinnel E, Haglund P. 2007. Analysis of dioxins in contaminated soils with the calux and caflux bioassays, an immunoassay, and gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry26(6):1122-9.


  • Denison MS, Han D, Nagy SR, Zhao B, Baston DS, Hayashi A, Knockaert M, Meijer L. 2006. Indirubins as activators of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor signal transduction pathways. Chapter 16 in: Indirubin, The Red Shade of Indigo. Roscoff, pp.157-167.
  • Denison MS, Khan EM, Sorrentino C, Zhao B. 2006. Enhanced CALUX and CAFLUX cell bioassay responses through intracellular signaling pathways and incubation temperature. Organohalogen Compounds 68:1265-1268.
  • Gordon JD, Denison MS, Chu AC, Chu MD, Matherly C, Kayama F, Clark GC. 2006. Proposed classification system for tier-1 screening of estrogenic EDC using the Lumi-Cell ER bioassay. Organohalogen Compounds 68:1273-1276.
  • Klein GP, Hodge EM, Diamond ML, Yip A, Dann T, Stern G, Denison MS, Harper PA. 2006. Gas-phase ambient air contaminants exhibit significant dioxin-like and estrogen-like activity In vitro. Environ Health Perspect 114(5):697-703.
  • Peters AK, Leonards PE, Zhao B, Bergman A, Denison MS, van den Berg M. 2006. Determination of in vitro relative potency (REP) values for mono-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls after purification with active charcoal. Toxicol Lett165(3):230-241.
  • Peters AK, Nijmeijer S, Gradin K, Backlund M, Bergman A, Poellinger L, Denison MS, van den Berg M. 2006. Interactions of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers with the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Pathway. Toxicological Sciences92(1):133-142.
  • Zhao B, Baston DS, Hammock BD, Denison MS. 2006. Interaction of diuron and related substituted phenylureas with the Ah receptor pathway. J Biochem Mol Toxicol20(3):103-113.
  • Zhao B, Bohonowych JE, Denison MS. 2006. Differential responsiveness of the Ah receptor dependent gene expression induced by HAHs and PAHs. Organohalogen Compounds 68:1745-1748.


  • Clark GC, Orelien J, Gordon JD, Chu AC, Chu MD, Denison MS. 2005. Mathematical model predictions of GC/MS data for dioxin contaminated environmental samples using CALUX® by XDS. Organohalogen Compounds 67:50-53.
  • Gordon JD, Chu AC, Chu MD, Matherly C, Denison MS, Grune G, Clark GC. 2005. Estrogenic potency of many popular suncreens and it's "non-active" components detected using the LUMI-cell" ER bioassay. Organohalogen Compounds 67:
  • Peters AK, Nijmeijer S, Zhao B, Denison MS, Bergman A, Sanderson J, van den Berg M. 2005. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) antagonize or inhibit TCDD induced CYP1A1 activity in various in vitro systems. Organohalogen Compounds 67:2290-2293.
  • Windal I, Denison MS, Birnbaum LS, Van Wouwe N, Baeyens W, Goeyens L. 2005. Chemically activated luciferase gene expression (CALUX) cell bioassay analysis for the estimation of dioxin-like activity: critical parameters of the CALUX procedure that impact assay results. Environ Sci Technol39(19):7357-7364.


  • Bohonowych JE, Denison MS. 2004. Binding of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibehzo-p-dioxin to the AhR from various species is essentially irreversible. Organohalogen Compounds 55:3291-3295.
  • Brown DJ, Van Overmeire I, Goeyens L, Denison MS, De Vito MJ, Clark GC. 2004. Analysis of Ah receptor pathway activation by brominated flame retardants. Organohalogen Compounds 55(11):1509-1518.
  • Denison MS, Rogers WJ, Bohonowych JE, Zhao B, Dey A, Williams RS, Pollock DM, Stepp DW, Newman JW, Hammock BD, Imig JD. 2004. Promiscuous ligand-dependent activation of the Ah receptor: chemicals in crude extracts from commercial and consumer products bind to and activate the Ah receptor and Ah receptor-dependent gene expression. Organohalogen Compounds 66:2966-2971.
  • Denison MS, Zhao B, Baston DS, Clark GC, Murata H, Han D. 2004. Recombinant cell bioassay systems for the detection and relative quantitation of halogenated dioxins and related chemicals. Talanta63(5):1123-1133.
  • Gordon JD, Chu AC, Chu MD, Denison MS, Clark GC. 2004. Detection of estrogen receptor endocrine disrupter potency of commonly used organochlorine pesticides using the LUMI-CELL ER" bioassay. Organohalogen Compounds 66:169-174.
  • Han D, Nagy SR, Denison MS. 2004. Comparison of recombinant cell bioassays for the detection of Ah receptor agonists. Biofactors 20(1):11-22.
  • Knockaert M, Blondel M, Bach S, Leost M, Elbi C, Hager GL, Nagy SR, Han D, Denison MS, Ffrench M, Ryan XP, Magiatis P, Polychronopoulos P, Greengard P, Skaltsounis L, Meijer L. 2004. Independent actions on cyclin-dependent kinases and aryl hydrocarbon receptor mediate the antiproliferative effects of indirubins. Oncogene23(25):4400-4412.
  • Zhao B, Denison MS. 2004. Development and characterization of a green fluorescent protein-based rat cell bioassay system for detection of Ah receptor ligands. Organohalogen Compounds 66:3285-3290.
  • Zhao B, Nagy SR, Rogers JM, Nantz MH, Kurth M, Springsteel M, Denison MS. 2004. Identification and analysis of novel flavonoid agonists and antagonists for the Ah and estrogen receptor. Organohalogen Compounds 66:2919-2924.


  • Baston DS, Nagy SR, Nantz MH, Kurth M, Springsteel M, Denison MS. 2003. Identification of novel agonists and antagonists of the Ah receptor signal transduction pathway. Organohalogen Compounds 65:142-145.
  • Denison MS, Han D, Heath-Pagliuso S, Scovill J, Meijer L, Skaltounis L, Gillam EM, Nagy SR. 2003. Activation of the Ah receptor and Ah receptor signal transduction pathway by tryptophan-derived agonists. Organohalogen Compounds 65:90-93.
  • Denison MS, Nagy SR. 2003. Activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor by structurally diverse exogenous and endogenous chemicals. Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol43:309-334.
  • Gordon JD, Chu AC, Chu MD, Taylor CL, Denison MS, Clark GC. 2003. Validation of the LUMI-CELLTM ER recombinant bioassay for rapid evaluatin of chemicals for potential estrogenic activity. Organohalogen Compounds 65:78-81.
  • Han D, Zhao B, Baston DS, Springsteel M, Kurth M, Nantz MH, Denison MS. 2003. Identification and characterization of novel flavone agonists of th Ah receptor. Organohalogen Compounds 65:126-129.
  • Jeuken A, Keser BJ, Khan EM, Brouwer A, Koeman JH, Denison MS. 2003. Activation of the Ah receptor by extracts of dietary herbal supplements, vegetables, and fruits. J Agric Food Chem51(18):5478-5487.
  • Monk SA, Denison MS, Rice RH. 2003. Reversible stepwise negative regulation of CYP1A1 in cultured rat epidermal cells. Arch Biochem Biophys419(12):158-169.
  • Wuilloud JC, Wuilloud RG, Sadi BM, Caruso JA, Denison MS, Nagy SR. 2003. Trace humic and fulvic acid determination in natural water by cloud point extraction/preconcentration using non-ionic and cationic surfactants with FI-UV detection. Analyst128(5):453-458.
  • Zhao B, Nagy SR, Baston DS, Han D, Nantz MH, Kurth M, Springsteel M, Denison MS. 2003. Screening and analysis of novel naphthoflavone ligands for the Ah receptor. Organohalogen Compounds 65:102-105.


  • Denison MS, Nagy SR, Ziccardi MH, Clark GC, Chu MD, Brown DJ, Shan G, Sugawara Y, Gee SJ, Sanborn JR, Hammock BD. 2002. Bioanalytical approaches for the detection of dioxin and related halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons. In: Biomarkers of Environmentally Associated Disease: Technologies, Concepts, and Perspectives. CRC Press Company, Boca Raton, FL. pp.483-494.
  • Han D, Nagy SR, Denison MS. 2002. Recombinant cell lines for the detection of dioxins and Ah receptor ligands - not all assays are created equal. Organohalogen Compounds 58:421-424.
  • Khan EM, Denison MS. 2002. NF-kB is involved in cross-talk between Ah receptor and signal transduction pathways. Organohalogen Compounds 59:411-414.
  • Lashley MR, Niedzinski EJ, Rogers JM, Denison MS, Nantz MH. 2002. Synthesis and estrogen receptor affinity of a 4-hydroxytamoxifen-labeled ligand for diagnostic imaging. Bioorg Med Chem10(12):4075-4082.
  • Nagy SR, Denison MS. 2002. Specificity of nuclear protein binding to a CYP1A1 negative regulatory element. Biochem Biophys Res Commun296(4):799-805.
  • Nagy SR, Liu G, Lam KS, Denison MS. 2002. Identification of novel Ah receptor agonists using a high-throughput green fluorescent protein-based recombinant cell bioassay. Biochemistry41(3):861-868.
  • Nagy SR, Sanborn JR, Hammock BD, Denison MS. 2002. Development of a green fluorescent protein based cell bioassay for the rapid and inexpensive detection and characterization of AhR agonists. Toxicological Sciences65(2):200-210.
  • Natarajan K, Overstreet JW, Rogers JM, Denison MS, Chen J, Lohstroh PN, McConnell DS, Lasley BL. 2002. Detection of xenoestrogens in serum after immunoprecipitation of endogenous steroidal estrogens. Environ Health Perspect 110(8):791-795.
  • Rogers JM, Denison MS. 2002. Analysis of the antiestrogenic activity of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in human ovarian carcinoma BG-1 cells. Mol Pharmacol61(6):1393-1403.
  • Rushing SR, Denison MS. 2002. The silencing mediator of retinoic acid and thyroid hormone receptors can interact with the aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor but fails to repress Ah receptor-dependent gene expression. Arch Biochem Biophys403(2):189-201.
  • Ziccardi MH, Gardner IA, Denison MS. 2002. Application of the luciferase recombinant cell culture bioassay system for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry21(10):2027-2033.
  • Ziccardi MH, Gardner IA, Mazet JA, Denison MS. 2002. Application of the luciferase cell culture bioassay for the detection of refined petroleum products. Mar Pollut Bull44(10):983-991.


  • Monk SA, Denison MS, Rice RH. 2001. Transient expression of CYP1A1 in rat epithelial cells cultured in suspension. Arch Biochem Biophys393(1):154-162.
  • Rogers JM, Denison MS. 2001. Analysis of the anti-estrogen effect of TCDD in human ovarian carcinoma (BG-1) cells. Organohalogen Compounds 53:5-9.
  • Seidel SD, Winters GM, Rogers JM, Ziccardi MH, Li V, Keser BJ, Denison MS. 2001. Activation of the Ah receptor signaling pathway by prostaglandins. J Biochem Mol Toxicol15(4):187-196.
  • Ziccardi MH, Gardner IA, Denison MS. 2001. Application of the luciferase recombinant cell culture bioassay for detection of dioxin-like activity of PAHs in the serum of wildlife. Organohalogen Compounds 54:73-76.


  • Arrieta DE, Ontiveros C, Denison MS, Washburn BS. 2000. Ah receptor mediated effects of particulate organic extracts from the Paso Del Norte airshed along the U.S.-Mexico border. Organohalogen Compounds 45:212-215.
  • Bohonowych JE, Rogers JM, Jeuken A, Denison MS. 2000. Activation of Ah and estrogen receptor based cell bioassay systems by extracts of natural dietary herbal supplements. Organohalogen Compounds 45:240-243.
  • Heath-Pagliuso S, Mui R, Milici A, Giese S, Chin R, Denison MS. 2000. Tryptophan metabolites, indole-3-pyruvic acid, DL-3-indolelactic acid, L-kynurenine, and kynurenic acid activate Ah receptor signal transduction. Organohalogen Compounds 49:289-292.
  • Nagy SR, Lui G, Lam KS, Denison MS. 2000. A green fluorescent protein based recombinant cell bioassay for the detection of activators of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor: application for screening of a 1,5-dialkylamino-2,4-dinitrobenzene combinatorial chemical library. Organohalogen Compounds 45:232-235.
  • Rogers JM, Denison MS. 2000. Application of a human ovarian cell bioassay for the detection and analysis of estrogen-toxicant interaction. Organohalogen Compounds 49:338-341.
  • Rogers JM, Denison MS. 2000. Recombinant cell bioassays for endocrine disruptors: Development of a stably transfected human ovarian cell line for the detection of estrogenic and anti-estrogenic chemicals. In Vitr Mol Toxicol13(1):67-82.
  • Seidel SD, Li V, Winters GM, Rogers WJ, Martinez EI, Denison MS. 2000. Ah receptor-based chemical screening bioassays: application and limitations for the detection of Ah receptor agonists. Toxicological Sciences55(1):107-115.
  • Shan G, Sanborn JR, Gilman DS, Nagy SR, Gee SJ, Stoutamire DW, Mercer RS, Jones AD, Stanker LH, Denison MS, Hammock BD. 2000. Surrogates for dioxin analyses: analytical, ELISA and toxicological aspects. Organohalogen Compounds 45:188-191.
  • Williams SN, Shih H, Guenette DK, Brackney W, Denison MS, Pickwell GV, Quattrochi LC. 2000. Comparative studies on the effects of green tea extracts and individual tea catechins on human CYP1A gene expression. Chem Biol Interact128(3):211-229.
  • Ziccardi MH, Gardner IA, Denison MS. 2000. Development and Modification of a Recombinant Cell Bioassay to Directly Detect Halogenated and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Serum. Toxicological Sciences54(1):183-193.


  • Denison MS, Seidel SD, Ziccardi MH, Rogers WJ, Brown DJ, Clark GC. 1999. Ah receptor-based bioassays for dioxins and related chemicals: applications and limitations. Organohalogen Compounds 40:27-30.
  • Levine SL, Oris JT, Denison MS. 1999. Modulation of CYP1A expression in rainbow trout by a technical grade formulation of propriconazole. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry18(11):2565-2573.


  • Besselink HT, Denison MS, Hahn ME, Karchner SI, Vethaak AD, Koeman JH, Brouwer A. 1998. Low inducibility of CYPIA activity by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in flounder (Platichthys flesus): Characterization of the Ah receptor and the role of CYPIA inhibition. Toxicological Sciences43(2):161-171. doi:10.1006/toxs.1998.2455 PMID:9710958
  • Denison MS, Heath-Pagliuso S. 1998. The Ah Receptor: A Regulator of the biochemical and toxicological actions of structurally diverse chemicals. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol61:557-568.
  • Denison MS, Phelan D, Elferink CJ. 1998. The Ah receptor signal transduction pathway. In: Xenobiotics, Toxicant-Receptor Interactions. Taylor and Francis, Philadelphia, PA. pp.3-33.
  • Denison MS, Phelan D, Winters GM, Ziccardi MH. 1998. Carbaryl, a carbamate insecticide, is a ligand for the hepatic Ah (dioxin) receptor. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol152(2):406-414.
  • Heath-Pagliuso S, Rogers WJ, Tullis K, Seidel SD, Cenijn PH, Brouwer A, Denison MS. 1998. Activation of the Ah receptor by tryptophan and tryptophan metabolites. Biochemistry37(33):11508-11515.
  • Phelan D, Winters GM, Rogers WJ, Lam JC, Denison MS. 1998. Activation of the Ah receptor signal transduction pathway by bilirubin and biliverdin. Arch Biochem Biophys357(1):155-163.


  • Murk AJ, Leonards PE, Bulder AS, Jonas AS, Rozemeijer MJ, Denison MS, Koeman JH, Brouwer A. 1997. The CALUX (Chemical-activated Luciferase Expression) Assay Adapted and Validated for Measuring TCDD Equivalents in Blood Plasma. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry16(8):1583-1589.
  • Murk T, Legler J, Denison MS, Giesy JP, van der Guchte CJ, Brouwer A. 1997. Chemical-activated luciferase expression (CALUX): A novel in vitro bioassay for Ah-receptor active compounds in sediments and pore water. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology33:149-160.
  • Richter CA, Giesy JP, Tieber VL, Denison MS. 1997. An in vitro Rainbow Trout cell bioassay for AhR-mediated toxins. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry16:543-550.
  • Washburn BS, Rein KS, Baden DG, Walsh PJ, Hinton DE, Tullis K, Denison MS. 1997. Brevetoxin-6 (PbTx-6), a nonaromatic marine neurotoxin, is a ligand of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Arch Biochem Biophys343(2):149-156.
  • Ziccardi MH, Rogers WJ, Schecter AJ, Papke O, Denison MS. 1997. Direct detection of dioxins and related chemicals in small quantities of human serum using a recombinant cell bioassay. Organohalogen Compounds 31:215-218.


  • Denison MS, Rogers WJ, Fair M, Ziccardi MH, Clark GC, Murk AJ, Brouwer A. 1996. Applications of the CALUX bioassay system for the detection of dioxin-like chemicals (Ah receptor ligands) in whole serum samples in extracts from commercial and consumer products. Organohalogen Compounds 27:280-284.
  • Garrison PA, Tullis K, Aarts JM, Brouwer A, Giesy JP, Denison MS. 1996. Species-specific Recombinant Cell Lines as Bioassay Systems for the Detection of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin-like chemicals. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology30(2):194-203.
  • Gebremichael A, Tullis K, Denison MS, Cheek JM, Pinkerton KE. 1996. Ah-receptor-dependent modulation of gene expression by aged and diluted sidestream cigarette smoke. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol141(1):76-83.
  • Murk AJ, Legler J, Denison MS, Giesy JP, van der Guchte CJ, Brouwer A. 1996. Chemical-activated Luciferase Gene Expression (CALUX): A Novel In Vitro Bioassay for Ah Receptor Active Compounds in Sediments and Pore Water. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology33(1):149-160.
  • Sanderson J, Aarts JM, Brouwer A, Froese KL, Denison MS, Giesy JP. 1996. Comparison of Ah Receptor-Mediated Luciferase and Ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase Induction in H4IIE Cells: Implications for Their Use as Bioanalytical Tools for the Detection of Polyhalogenated Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol137(2):316-325.
  • Villalobos SA, Anderson MJ, Denison MS, Hinton DE, Tullis K, Kennedy IM, Jones AD, Chang DP, Yang G, Kelly PB. 1996. Dioxin-like properties of a trichloroethylene combustion-generated aerosol. Environ Health Perspect 104(7):734-743.
  • Walsh AA, Tullis K, Rice RH, Denison MS. 1996. Identification of a novel cis-acting negative regulatory element affecting expression of the CYP1A1 gene in rate epidermal cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry271(37):22746-22753.


  • Newsted JL, Giesy JP, Ankley GT, Tillitt DE, Crawford RA, Gooch JL, Jones PD, Denison MS. 1995. Development of toxic equivalency factors for PCB congeners and the assessment of TCDD and PCB mixtures in rainbow trout. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry14(5):861-871.

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