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Your Environment. Your Health.

Project Publications: University of Kentucky: Synthesis

Superfund Research Program


Project Leader: Larry W. Robertson (University of Iowa)
Grant Number: P42ES007380
Funding Period: 2000 - 2005

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  • Arif JM, Lehmler H, Robertson LW, Gupta RC. 2003. Interaction of benzoquinone- and hydroquinone-derivatives of lower chlorinated biphenyls with DNA and nucleotides in vitro. Chem Biol Interact 142(3):307-316. PMID:12453668
  • Choi W, Eum SY, Lee YW, Hennig B, Robertson LW, Toborek M. 2003. PCB 104 induces oxidative stress and stimulates proinflammatory reactions in human vascular endothelial cells: relationship to cancer metastasis. FASEB J 17:A272.
  • Lee YW, Park HJ, Son KW, Hennig B, Robertson LW, Toborek M. 2003. 2,2',4,6,6'-Pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB104) induces apoptosis of human microvascular endothelial cells through the caspase-dependent activation of CREB. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 189(1):1-10. PMID:12758055
  • Lehmler H, Price DJ, Garrison AW, Birge WJ, Robertson LW. 2003. Distribution of PCB 84 Enantiomers in C57BL/6 Mice. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 12(2):254-260.
  • Tampal N, Myers S, Robertson LW. 2003. Binding of polychlorinated biphenyls/metabolites to hemoglobin. Toxicol Lett 142(1-2):53-60. PMID:12765239


  • Hennig B, Hammock BD, Slim RM, Toborek M, Viswanathan S, Robertson LW. 2002. PCB-induced oxidative stress in endothelial cells: modulation by nutrients. Int J Hyg Environ Health 205(1-2):95-102. PMID:12018021
  • Hennig B, Meerarani P, Slim RM, Toborek M, Daugherty A, Silverstone AE, Robertson LW. 2002. Proinflammatory properties of coplanar PCBs: in vitro and in vivo evidence. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 181(3):174-183. PMID:12079426
  • Hennig B, Meerarani P, Toborek M, Daugherty A, Silverstone AE, Robertson LW. 2002. Proinflammatory properties of coplanar PCBs. Organohalogen Compounds 55:355-358.
  • Lehmler H, Parkin S, Robertson LW. 2002. The three-dimensional structure of 3,3 ',5 '-trichloro-4-methoxybiphenyl, a "coplanar" polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) derivative. Chemosphere 46(3):485-488. PMID:11829405
  • Lehmler H, Robertson LW, Parkin S, Brock CP. 2002. Z'=4 structure without obvious pseudosymmetry: implications for the formation of solid-state compounds. Acta Crystallogr B 58(Pt1):140-147. PMID:11818662
  • Machala M, Blaha L, Pliskova M, Vondracek J, Lehmler H, Malmberg T, Robertson LW. 2002. Comparison of relative toxic potencies of hydroxylated PCBs and quinones in hepatic and mammary cell lines. Organohalogen Compounds 56:25-28.
  • Pereg D, Robertson LW, Gupta RC. 2002. DNA adduction by polychlorinated biphenyls: adducts derived from hepatic microsomal activation and from synthetic metabolites. Chem Biol Interact 139(2):129-144. PMID:11823002
  • Srinivasan A, Robertson LW, Ludewig G. 2002. Sulfhydryl binding and topoisomerase inhibition by PCB Metabolites. Chem Res Toxicol 15(4):497-505. PMID:11952335
  • Tampal N, Lehmler H, Espandiari P, Malmberg T, Robertson LW. 2002. Glucuronidation of hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Chem Res Toxicol 15(10):1259-1266. doi:10.1021/tx0200212 PMID:12387623
  • Tampal N, Robertson LW, Ludewig G. 2002. In vivo MDR1 transport studies with PCB 77. Organohalogen Compounds 55:457-459.
  • Tharappel JC, Lee EY, Robertson LW, Spear BT, Glauert HP. 2002. Regulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and transcription factor activities during the promotion of liver carcinogenesis by Polychlorinated Biphenyls. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 179(3):172-184. PMID:11906247
  • van den Hurk P, Kubiczak GA, Lehmler H, James MO. 2002. Hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls as inhibitors of the sulfation and glucuronidation of 3-hydroxy-benzo[a]pyrene. Environ Health Perspect 110(4):343-348. PMID:11940451 PMCID:PMC1240796


  • Lehmler H, Parkin S, Robertson LW. 2001. 2,3,4-Trichlorobiphenyl. Acta Crystallogr B E57Part2:o111-o112.
  • Lehmler H, Robertson LW. 2001. Synthesis of hydroxylated PCB metabolites with the Suzuki-coupling. Chemosphere 45(8):1119-1127. PMID:11695625
  • Lehmler H, Robertson LW. 2001. Synthesis of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) using the Suzuki-Coupling. Chemosphere 45(2):137-143. PMID:11572605
  • Lehmler H, Robertson LW, Parkin S. 2001. 4-Chloro-3',4'-dihydroxybiphenyl. Acta Crystallogr B E57Part7:o590-o591.
  • Oakley GG, Roe AL, Blouin RA, Twaroski TP, Ganguly TC, Vore M, Lehmler H, Robertson LW. 2001. 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl increases STAT5 transcriptional activity. Mol Carcinog 30(4):199-208. PMID:11346882
  • Pereg D, Tampal N, Espandiari P, Robertson LW. 2001. Distribution and macromolecular binding of benzo[a]pyrene and two polychlorinated biphenyl congeners in female mice. Chem Biol Interact 137(3):243-258. PMID:11566292
  • Slim RM, Hammock BD, Toborek M, Robertson LW, Newman JW, Morisseau C, Watkins BA, Viswanathan S, Hennig B. 2001. The role of methyl-linoleic acid epoxide and diol metabolites in the amplified toxicity of linoleic acid and polychlorinated biphenyls to vascular endothelial cells. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 171(3):184-193. PMID:11243918
  • Twaroski TP, O'Brien ML, Larmonier N, Glauert HP, Robertson LW. 2001. Polychlorinated biphenyl-induced effects on metabolic enzymes, AP-1 binding, vitamin E and oxidative stress in the rat liver. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 171(2):85-93. PMID:11222084
  • Twaroski TP, O'Brien ML, Robertson LW. 2001. Effects of selected polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners on hepatic glutathione, glutathione-related enzymes and selenium status: implications for oxidative stress. Biochem Pharmacol 62(3):273-281. PMID:11434900


  • McLean MR, Twaroski TP, Robertson LW. 2000. Redox cycling of 2-(x'-mono, -di, -trichlorophenyl)- 1, 4-benzoquinones, oxidation products of polychlorinated biphenyls. Arch Biochem Biophys 376(2):449-455. doi:10.1006/abbi.2000.1754 PMID:10775433
  • Robertson LW, Gupta RC. 2000. Chapter 2: Metabolism of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) generates electrophiles and reactive oxygen species that damage DNA. In: Molecular Drug Metabolism and Toxicology. OICA International Limited, London, United Kingdom. pp.16-32.
  • Slim RM, Toborek M, Robertson LW, Lehmler H, Hennig B. 2000. Cellular glutathione status modulates Polychlorinated Biphenyl-induced stress response and apoptosis in vascular endothelial cells. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 166(1):36-42. PMID:10873716
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