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Project Publications: University of Iowa: Phytoremediation to Degrade Airborne PCB Congeners from Soil and Groundwater Sources

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Superfund Research Program

Phytoremediation to Degrade Airborne PCB Congeners from Soil and Groundwater Sources

Project Leader: Jerald L. Schnoor
Grant Number: P42ES013661
Funding Period: 2006-2020
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  • Zhang Q, Kong W, Wei L, Hou X, Ma Q, Liu Y, Luo Y, Liao C, Liu J, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2021. Compartmentalization and excretion of 2,4,6-tribromophenol sulfation and glycosylation conjugates in rice plants. Environ Sci Technol 55:2980-2990. doi:10.1021/acs.est.0c07184 PMID:33544574



  • Ewald JM, Humes SV, Martinez A, Schnoor JL, Mattes TE. 2019. Growth of dehalococcoides spp. and increased abundance of reductive dehalogenase genes in anaerobic PCB-contaminated sediment microcosms. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int doi:10.1007/s11356-019-05571-7 PMID:31209752 PMCID:PMC6918016
  • Hou X, Kong W, Wang X, Liu Y, Chen W, Liu J, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2019. Abiotic methylation of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) with the occurrence of methyl iodide in aqueous environments. Environ Sci Technol Lett 6:558-564. doi:10.1021/acs.estlett.9b00445
  • Hou X, Yu M, Liu A, Wang X, Li Y, Liu J, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2019. Glycosylation of tetrabromobisphenol A in pumpkin. Environ Sci Technol 53:8805-8812. doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b02122 PMID:31283198
  • Li X, Wu X, Kelly KM, Veng-Pedersen P, Lehmler H. 2019. Toxicokinetics of chiral PCB 136 and its hydroxylated metabolites in mice with a liver-specific deletion of cytochrome P450 reductase. Chem Res Toxicol 32:727-736. doi:10.1021/acs.chemrestox.8b00389 PMID:30729780 PMCID:PMC6465157
  • Li Y, Chiou CT, Li H, Schnoor JL. 2019. Improved prediction of the bioconcentration factors of organic contaminants from soils into plant/crop roots by related physicochemical parameters. Environ Int 126:46-53. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2019.02.020 PMID:30776749
  • Li Y, Hou X, Chen W, Liu J, Zhou Q, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2019. Carbon chain decomposition of short chain chlorinated paraffins mediated by pumpkin and soybean seedlings. Environ Sci Technol 53(12):6765-6772. doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b01215 PMID:31099560
  • Subramanian S, Tehrani R, Van Aken B. 2019. Transcriptomic response of Arabidopsis thaliana exposed to hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls (OH-PCBs). Int J Phytoremediation 21(1):52-59. doi:10.1080/15226514.2018.1523872 PMID:30648423 PMCID:PMC6548195
  • Uwimana E, Ruiz P, Li X, Lehmler H. 2019. Human CYP2A6, CYP2B6, and CYP2E1 atropselectively metabolize polychlorinated biphenyls to hydroxylated metabolites. Environ Sci Technol 53(4):2114-2123. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b05250 PMID:30576102 PMCID:PMC6380921
  • Zhang Q, Liu Y, Lin Y, Kong W, Zhao X, Ruan T, Liu J, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2019. Multiple metabolic pathways of 2,4,6-tribromophenol in rice plants. Environ Sci Technol 53:7473-7482. doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b01514 PMID:31244074





  • Liang Y, Meggo RE, Hu D, Schnoor JL, Mattes TE. 2015. Microbial community analysis of switchgrass planted and unplanted soil microcosms displaying PCB dechlorination. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 99(15):6515-6526. doi:10.1007/s00253-015-6545-x PMID:25820643 PMCID:PMC4498989
  • Zhai G, Gutowski SM, Walters KS, Yan B, Schnoor JL. 2015. Charge, size, and cellular selectivity for multiwall carbon nanotubes by maize and soybean. Environ Sci Technol 49(12):7380-7390. doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b01145 PMID:26010305
  • Zhao H, Jiang J, Wang Y, Lehmler H, Buettner GR, Quan X, Chen J. 2015. Monohydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-PBDEs) and dihydroxylated polybrominated biphenyls (Di-OH-PBBs): novel photoproducts of 2,6-dibromophenol. Environ Sci Technol 49(24):14120-14128. doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b03637 PMID:26545041 PMCID:PMC4717839




  • Tehrani R, Lyv MM, Kaveh R, Schnoor JL, Van Aken B. 2012. Biodegradation of mono-hydroxylated PCBs by Burkholderia xenovorans. Biotechnol J 34:2247-2252. doi:10.1007/s10529-012-1037-x PMID:22918793 PMCID:PMC3592572
  • Xin X, Kuppusamy SP, Schnoor JL, Ludewig G. 2012. Downregulation of Telomerase Activity and Shortening of Telomere Length by Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in HL-60 Cells. Environ Mol Mutagen 53:S66.


  • Moo -Young M, Butler M, Webb C, Moreira A, Grodzinski B, Cui ZF, Agathos SN. 2011. Microbial degradation of polychlorinated biphenyls. In: Comprehensive Biotechnology.
  • Moo -Young M, Butler M, Webb C, Moreira A, Grodzinski B, Cui ZF, Agathos SN. 2011. Transgenic Plants and Associated bacteria for phytoremediation of organic pollutants. In: Comprehensive Biotechnology.
  • Zhai G, Lehmler H, Schnoor JL. 2011. New hydroxylated metabolites of 4-monochlorobiphenyl in whole poplar plants. Chem Cent J 5:87. doi:10.1186/1752-153X-5-87 PMID:22185578 PMCID:PMC3260099
  • Zhai G, Lehmler H, Schnoor JL, Hu D. 2011. Enantioselective biotransformation of chiral PCBs in whole poplar plants. Environ Sci Technol 45(6):2308-2316. doi:10.1021/es1033662 PMID:21329345 PMCID:PMC3066656



  • Liu J, Hu D, Jiang G, Schnoor JL. 2009. In vivo biotransformation of 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl by whole plants-poplars and switchgrass. Environ Sci Technol 43(19):7503-7509. PMID:19848168 PMCID:PMC2754666


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