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Person Details: Jerald L. Schnoor

Superfund Research Program

Jerald L. Schnoor

University of Iowa
Civil-Environmental Engineer
4112 Seamans Center
Iowa City, Iowa 52242-1527
Phone: 319-335-5649


Research Briefs

Hazardous Waste Sites

Altavista Wastewater Pond, Town of Altavista

  • University of Iowa: Phytoremediation to Degrade Airborne PCB Congeners from Soil and Groundwater Sources



  • Bako CM, Martinez A, Marek RF, Hornbuckle KC, Schnoor JL, Mattes TE. 2023. Lab-scale biodegradation assay using passive samplers to determine microorganisms' ability to reduce polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) volatilization from contaminated sediment. MethodsX 10:102039. doi:10.1016/j.mex.2023.102039 PMID:36798837 PMCID:PMC9926300


  • Bako CM, Martinez A, Ewald JM, Hua J, Ramotowski DJ, Dong Q, Schnoor JL, Mattes TE. 2022. Aerobic bioaugmentation to decrease polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) emissions from contaminated sediments to air. Environ Sci Technol 56(20):14338-14349. doi:10.1021/acs.est.2c01043 PMID:36178372 PMCID:PMC9583607
  • Ewald JM, Schnoor JL, Mattes TE. 2022. Combined read- and assembly-based metagenomics to reconstruct a Dehalococcoides mccartyi genome from PCB-contaminated sediments and evaluate functional differences among organohalide-respiring consortia in the presence of different halogenated contaminants. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 98(7):doi:10.1093/femsec/fiac067 PMID:35665806
  • Ewald JM, Schnoor JL, Mattes TE. 2022. Metagenomes, metagenome-assembled genomes, and metatranscriptomes from polychlorinated biphenyl-contaminated sediment microcosms. Microbiol Resour Ann 4:doi:10.1128/mra.01126-21 PMID:35766865


  • Bako CM, Mattes TE, Marek RF, Hornbuckle KC, Schnoor JL. 2021. Biodegradation of PCB congeners by Paraburkholderia xenovorans LB400 in presence and absence of sediment during lab bioreactor experiments. Environ Pollut 271:116364. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2020.116364 PMID:33412450 PMCID:PMC818316
  • Bako CM, Mattes TE, Marek RF, Hornbuckle KC, Schnoor JL. 2021. Dataset describing biodegradation of individual polychlorinated biphenyl congeners (PCBs) by Paraburkholderia xenovorans LB400 in presence and absence of sediment slurry. Data Brief 35:106821. doi:10.1016/j.dib.2021.106821 PMID:33604434 PMCID:PMC7873373
  • Chen W, Hou X, Liu Y, Hu X, Liu J, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2021. Medium- and short-chain chlorinated paraffins in mature maize plants and corresponding agricultural soils. Environ Sci Technol 55:4669-4678. doi:10.1021/acs.est.0c05111 PMID:33754697
  • Hou X, Wei L, Tang Y, Kong W, Liu J, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2021. Two typical glycosylated metabolites of Tetrabromobisphenol A formed in plants: Excretion and deglycosylation in plant root zones. Environ Sci Technol Lett 8(4):313-319. doi:10.1021/acs.estlett.1c00084 PMID:34805424 PMCID:PMC8603600
  • Li Y, Bako CM, Saktrakulkla P, Lehmler H, Hornbuckle KC, Schnoor JL. 2021. Interconversion between methoxylated, hydroxylated and sulfated metabolites of PCB 3 in whole poplar plants. Sci Total Environ 785:147341. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147341 PMID:33933776 PMCID:PMC8610232
  • Mattes TE, Ewald JM, Liang Y, Martinez A, Awad AM, Hornbuckle KC, Schnoor JL. 2021. Microbial communities in polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated wastewater lagoon sediments: PCB congener, quantitative PCR, and 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing datasets. Data Brief 39:107546. doi:10.1016/j.dib.2021.107546 PMID:34820490 PMCID:PMC8601980
  • Zhang Q, Kong W, Wei L, Hou X, Ma Q, Liu Y, Luo Y, Liao C, Liu J, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2021. Compartmentalization and excretion of 2,4,6-tribromophenol sulfation and glycosylation conjugates in rice plants. Environ Sci Technol 55:2980-2990. doi:10.1021/acs.est.0c07184 PMID:33544574


  • Chen W, Yu M, Zhang Q, Hou X, Kong W, Wei L, Mao X, Liu J, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2020. Metabolism of SCCPs and MCCPs in suspension rice cells based on paired mass distance (PMD) analysis. Environ Sci Technol 54:9990-9999. doi:10.1021/acs.est.0c01830 PMID:32600037
  • Li Y, Chen W, Kong W, Liu J, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2020. Transformation of 1,1,1,3,8,10,10,10-octachlorodecane in air phase increased by phytogenic volatile organic compounds of pumpkin seedlings. Sci Total Environ 74:doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135455 PMID:31791777 PMCID:PMC7029796
  • Wu X, Zhai G, Schnoor JL, Lehmler H. 2020. Atropselective disposition of 2,2 ,3,4 ,6-Pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 91) and identification of its metabolites in mice with liver-specific deletion of Cytochrome P450 Reductase. Chem Res Toxicol 33:1328-1338. doi:10.1021/acs.chemrestox.9b00255 PMID:31403789 PMCID:PMC7042073
  • Zhang Q, Kong W, Wei L, Wang Y, Luo Y, Wang P, Liu J, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2020. Uptake, phytovolatilization, and interconversion of 2,4-dibromophenol and 2,4-dibromoanisole in rice plants. Environ Int 142:105888. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2020.105888 PMID:32593840 PMCID:PMC7670850


  • Ewald JM, Humes SV, Martinez A, Schnoor JL, Mattes TE. 2019. Growth of dehalococcoides spp. and increased abundance of reductive dehalogenase genes in anaerobic PCB-contaminated sediment microcosms. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int doi:10.1007/s11356-019-05571-7 PMID:31209752 PMCID:PMC6918016
  • Hou X, Kong W, Wang X, Liu Y, Chen W, Liu J, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2019. Abiotic methylation of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) with the occurrence of methyl iodide in aqueous environments. Environ Sci Technol Lett 6:558-564. doi:10.1021/acs.estlett.9b00445
  • Hou X, Yu M, Liu A, Wang X, Li Y, Liu J, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2019. Glycosylation of tetrabromobisphenol A in pumpkin. Environ Sci Technol 53:8805-8812. doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b02122 PMID:31283198
  • Li Y, Chiou CT, Li H, Schnoor JL. 2019. Improved prediction of the bioconcentration factors of organic contaminants from soils into plant/crop roots by related physicochemical parameters. Environ Int 126:46-53. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2019.02.020 PMID:30776749
  • Li Y, Hou X, Chen W, Liu J, Zhou Q, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2019. Carbon chain decomposition of short chain chlorinated paraffins mediated by pumpkin and soybean seedlings. Environ Sci Technol 53(12):6765-6772. doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b01215 PMID:31099560
  • Zhang Q, Liu Y, Lin Y, Kong W, Zhao X, Ruan T, Liu J, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2019. Multiple metabolic pathways of 2,4,6-tribromophenol in rice plants. Environ Sci Technol 53:7473-7482. doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b01514 PMID:31244074



  • Li Y, Hou X, Yu M, Zhou Q, Liu J, Schnoor JL, Jiang G. 2017. Dechlorination and chlorine rearrangement of 1,2,5,5,6,9,10-heptachlorodecane mediated by the whole pumpkin seedlings. Environ Pollut 224:524-531. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2017.02.035 PMID:28242253
  • Schnoor JL, Van Aken B, Subramanian S. 2017. Effects of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) and Their Hydroxylated Metabolites (OH-PCBs) on Arabidopsis thaliana. Environ Sci Technol 51(12):7263-7270. doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b01538 PMID:28541669 PMCID:PMC5772893



  • Liang Y, Meggo RE, Hu D, Schnoor JL, Mattes TE. 2015. Microbial community analysis of switchgrass planted and unplanted soil microcosms displaying PCB dechlorination. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 99(15):6515-6526. doi:10.1007/s00253-015-6545-x PMID:25820643 PMCID:PMC4498989
  • Zhai G, Gutowski SM, Walters KS, Yan B, Schnoor JL. 2015. Charge, size, and cellular selectivity for multiwall carbon nanotubes by maize and soybean. Environ Sci Technol 49(12):7380-7390. doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b01145 PMID:26010305




  • Tehrani R, Lyv MM, Kaveh R, Schnoor JL, Van Aken B. 2012. Biodegradation of mono-hydroxylated PCBs by Burkholderia xenovorans. Biotechnol J 34:2247-2252. doi:10.1007/s10529-012-1037-x PMID:22918793 PMCID:PMC3592572
  • Xin X, Kuppusamy SP, Schnoor JL, Ludewig G. 2012. Downregulation of Telomerase Activity and Shortening of Telomere Length by Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in HL-60 Cells. Environ Mol Mutagen 53:S66.




  • Liu J, Hu D, Jiang G, Schnoor JL. 2009. In vivo biotransformation of 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl by whole plants-poplars and switchgrass. Environ Sci Technol 43(19):7503-7509. PMID:19848168 PMCID:PMC2754666


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