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Patent Detail: Stable Supergallery Pillared Clay Compositions

Patent Detail

Superfund Research Program

Stable Supergallery Pillared Clay Compositions

Number: 5,583,082
Year: 1996
Patent Status: Issued
Authors: Pinnavaia, T.J., J. Guan

A class of highly stable supergallery pillared clay compositions that have a basal spacing up to 55 .ANG. corresponding a gallery height of 35 .ANG. for samples dried at room temperature and a basal spacing up to 45 .ANG. corresponding a gallery height of 255 .ANG. for samples steamed at C. for 17 hours. Said compositions are prepared by special procedures including pillaring reaction in presence of poly (vinyl alcohol) as a pillaring precursor, an aging process at pH of around 4 to 9, and a calcinating or steaming treatment at high temperature. The new compositions exhibit catalytic properties and adsorption properties superior to prior art pillared clays. Said compositions are useful as catalysts for carbonium-ion reaction, and as adsorbents and catalyst carriers. They are especially suitable for preparing microspheric cracking catalysts for heavy oil or residual feedstock.

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