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Your Environment. Your Health.

Research Briefs by Year: 2022

Superfund Research Program

  • 329 - Protein Provides Insight into Respiratory Toxicity of Cadmium -- Antony
    Release Date: 05/04/2022

    A protein called fibrinogen can be an indicator of cadmium exposure in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study led by Veena Antony, M.D., director of the NIEHS Superfund Research Program (SRP) Center at the University of Alabama, Birmingham. COPD stems from thickening of airways in the lungs, resulting in shortness of breath and persistent coughing.

  • 328 - Sampling Device May Predict Methylmercury Accumulation in Wetlands -- Hsu-Kim
    Release Date: 04/06/2022

    NIEHS Superfund Research Program (SRP)-funded researchers, led by Heileen Hsu-Kim, Ph.D., of the Duke University SRP Center, showed that a small plastic sampling device can efficiently predict the potential for methylmercury — an environmental contaminant — to form in freshwater wetlands and to accumulate in organisms living there.

  • 327 - Leveraging Machine Learning to Predict Toxicity -- Gu
    Release Date: 03/02/2022

    NIEHS Superfund Research Program (SRP) grantees developed a new computational approach to predict how hazardous substances may affect health based on key changes in cells. Led by April Z. Gu, Ph.D., of the Northeastern University Puerto Rico Testsite for Exploring Contamination Threats (PROTECT) SRP Center, researchers used machine learning and advanced algorithms to link biological changes from high throughput cell studies with health outcomes observed in animal studies.

  • 326 - New Technique Yields Promising Results for Uranium Removal in the Field -- Boxley, Maier
    Release Date: 02/02/2022

    A technology developed by NIEHS-funded Superfund Research Program (SRP) researchers may remove uranium and other heavy metals from groundwater near abandoned mines. Small business GlycoSurf, LLC worked with partners at the University of Arizona SRP Center to determine the best environmental conditions for effectively removing uranium from contaminated water.

  • 325 - Biosensor Helps Characterize Contaminants and Health Risks Following Disasters -- Unger, Knap
    Release Date: 01/05/2022

    A sophisticated biosensor may provide information about contaminant distribution in the aftermath of natural disasters, according to an NIEHS Superfund Research Program (SRP)-funded study. Led by former Texas A&M University (TAMU) SRP Center trainee Krisa Camargo and Michael Unger, Ph.D., from the Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences, the team demonstrated this type of tool is useful for quickly characterizing and prioritizing environmental samples for further analysis, particularly in the context of disaster research response.

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