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Dataset Details (GSE20625)

Superfund Research Program

Title: Impact of MAA on mouse Leydig cell gene expression (Mus musculus)

Accession Number: GSE20625

Link to Dataset:

Repository: Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO)

Data Type(s): Gene Expression

Experiment Type(s): Expression profiling by array

Organism(s): Mus musculus

Summary: Methoxyacetic acid (MAA) is the active metabolite of the widely used industrial chemical ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, an established testicular toxicant. MAA induces the degradation of testicular germ cells in association with changes in gene expression in both germ cells and Sertoli cells of the testis. This study investigates the impact of MAA on gene expression in testicular Leydig cells, which play a critical role in germ cell survival and male reproductive function. Cultured mouse TM3 Leydig cells were treated with MAA for 3, 8, and 24 h and global gene expression was monitored by microarray analysis. A total of 3,912 MAA-responsive genes were identified. Ingenuity Pathway analysis identified reproductive system disease, inflammatory disease and connective tissue disorder as the top biological functions affected by MAA. The MAA-responsive genes were classified into 1,366 early responders, 1,387 mid-responders, and 1,138 late responders, based on the time required for MAA to elicit a response. Analysis of enriched functional clusters for each subgroup identified 106 MAA early response genes involved in transcription regulation, including 32 genes associated with developmental processes and 60 DNA-binding proteins that responded to MAA rapidly but transiently, and which may contribute to the downstream effects of MAA seen for large numbers of mid and late response genes. Genes within the phosphatidylinositol/phospholipase C/calcium signaling pathway, whose activity is required for potentiation of nuclear receptor signaling by MAA, were also enriched in the set of early MAA response genes. These findings on the progressive changes in gene expression induced by MAA in Leydig cells may help elucidate the signaling pathways perturbed by this testicular toxicant and explain its mechanism of toxicity at the gene level.

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