Superfund Research Program
Airborne Exposures to Semi-volatile Organic Pollutants (The AESOP Study)
Project Leader: Peter S. Thorne
Grant Number: P42ES013661
Funding Period: 2006-2024
Project Summary (2015-2020)
The AESOP Study (Airborne Exposures to Semi-volatile Organic Pollutants) is a community-based participatory research study that assesses exposures and body burdens of atmospheric PCBs among an urban cohort of children and their mothers in an area contaminated with legacy PCBs and where dredging of 3.5 million cubic meters of PCB-laden sediments is now underway. Airborne PCB exposures, plus serum and urine levels of PCBs and metabolites, are assessed and compared to levels in the cohort before the dredging began as well as to a rural Iowa cohort in an area without legacy PCBs. The AESOP Study is identifying the determinants of PCB exposures among children and their mothers including exposure levels indoors and out, dietary intake and other exposure pathways. The study is also determining how we can best monitor exposures and metabolites. Researchers are:
- Maintaining the urban and rural residential cohorts in East Chicago and Columbus Junction and gathering demographic, residential, occupational, activity, dietary, and baseline health data from subjects.
- Collecting air samples inside and outside at homes and schools and measuring congener-specific concentrations of atmospheric PCBs.
- Collecting blood annually from all subjects and measuring PCB congeners and congener specific metabolites in serum samples, and reporting these values to participants.
- Collecting urine from all subjects and measuring congener-specific PCB sulfate metabolites and evaluating the efficacy of urine as a biomarker for exposure to lower-chlorinated congeners.
- Modeling exposures and body burdens for the atmospheric PCB congeners from the cohorts and comparing modeled and measured data.
These aims are facilitated by strong community support garnered through the Community Engagement Core and aided by sample analyses performed in the Analytical Core. The AESOP Study employs bilingual community-based field staff and has enrolled and followed 264 subjects in these racially and ethnically diverse communities (59% Hispanic, 23% Black, 18% other) and provided new insight into airborne exposures and resulting body burdens. Exposures have been assessed through repeated air sampling inside and outside of homes of subjects and at their local schools and also through annual blood collection and assay for PCB congener and metabolite profiles. The AESOP Study provides human samples and data to other components of the Iowa Superfund Research Program providing enhanced relevance. Project researchers are evaluating in greater detail the diet of subjects using established methodology. This dietary information will be used along with inhalation data and activity logs for integrated exposure modeling. The AESOP Study has changed prevailing views on how most Americans are exposed to PCBs. The research team has demonstrated that subjects have substantial exposure to PCB congeners from inhalation in addition to ingestion and their blood shows enrichment with inhaled lower chlorinated congeners. This has important implications for children's environmental health.